The Russian Federation continues to improve the complex of forces and means recognized to ensure the protection of the country's interests from encroachments in various fields. The next step in this activity was the testing of anti-satellite weapons.
The last service of the Virgin Lands
The Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation officially announced that a successful test was carried out on November 15, during which was & nbsp ; the inoperative Russian spacecraft Tselina-D , which had been in orbit since 1982, was struck.
cease to exist.
“ The United States knows for certain that the resulting fragments, in terms of test time and orbital parameters, did not and will not pose a threat to orbital stations, spacecraft and space activities, '' & mdash; leads the TV channel “ Star '' message from the Russian defense department.
The Kosmos-1408 spacecraft, or Tselina-D, was launched into low-earth orbit on September 16, 1982 by the Cyclone-3 launch vehicle.
The device, developed by the Dnepropetrovsk design bureau Yuzhnoye, belongs to the first generation of satellites of this class. It was intended to conduct electronic intelligence, primarily & mdash; tracking the imaginary enemy's radar stations. Having exhausted its resource, the satellite turned into one of the many dead objects in orbit. In 2021, he once again served the Motherland, being used as a target.
'Irresponsible and destabilizing action'
Russian Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu during his working trip to the Voronezh Region highly appreciated the results of the tests.
“ She beautifully struck the old satellite. The resulting fragments do not pose any threat to space activity '', & mdash; quotes the words of the minister RIA Novosti.
But in the West, Russian tests caused a real stir.
The head of the US State Department, Anthony Blinken, painted a completely apocalyptic picture. Russia, he said, “recklessly conducted destructive tests of a direct-launch anti-satellite missile against one of its satellites.” Blinken assures that space debris “ will now threaten satellites and other spacecraft vital to the security, economy and scientific interests of all countries for decades. ''
Head of & nbsp; NASA & nbsp; Bill Nelson echoes the head of the State Department. “ Like Secretary Blinken, I am outraged by this irresponsible and destabilizing action. With a long and legendary history of Russia in the field of manned space flights, it is inconceivable that it would endanger not only American and international astronauts-partners on the ISS, but also its own cosmonauts, '' & mdash; According to a statement posted on the & nbsp; NASA website.
NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg also joined the denunciation campaign, who called the testing of anti-satellite weapons a 'reckless act' from Russia.
In general, the feeling is that Russia has done something that no one has ever done before.
Russia and China proposed a new treaty on outer space. The United States is against
In reality, the development of various types of anti-satellite weapons in the world has been carried out since the first years of space exploration and, in fact, never stopped.
The 1967 Outer Space Treaty prohibits the deployment of any type of weapon of mass destruction in outer space. But this does not apply to other types of weapons.
At one time, the UN General Assembly put to a vote the issue of preventing an arms race in outer space. 183 countries voted for, but Israel and the United States opposed.
The development of the draft Treaty on the Prevention of the Placement of Weapons in Outer Space has been going on since the early 2000s. In 2008 and 2014, Russia and China jointly submitted such a document to the Conference on Disarmament in Geneva. But the matter did not get off the ground.
The Russian Defense Ministry, commenting on the current tests, recalled that any peaceful initiatives to prevent an arms race in space are blocked by Washington.
“ At the same time, the United States created Space Command in 2020 and officially adopted a new space strategy. One of its main goals is & bdquo; to create a comprehensive military advantage in space & ldquo ;. In turn, the Pentagon, even before these official steps, and even more so after, is actively developing and without any notifications testing in orbit the latest attack and combat weapons of various types, including the latest modifications of unmanned spacecraft X-37 '', & nbsp; & mdash; according to the message of the Ministry of Defense, which leads the TV channel “ Zvezda ''.
The current mourner & mdash; Mr. Stoltenberg & mdash; in 2019 named “ historical '' NATO's decision to recognize space as one of its areas of activity.
On & nbsp; Twitter & nbsp; the head of the North Atlantic Alliance then wrote: “I am proud of NATO's historic decision to recognize space as a work area along with air, land, sea and cyberspace.” At the same time, Stoltenberg said that the decision was made solely for defensive purposes.
It's a strange thing: Russia and China propose an agreement to secure the prevention of the appearance of weapons in space, and instead they receive decisions of this kind from NATO.
Doesn't it seem that someone is not concerned about the safety of astronauts, astronauts and taikonauts, but about your military priority? The main thing is that on November 15, 2021, Russia did nothing that they had not done before.
Rockets on satellites: how China, the United States and India conducted tests
On January 11 & nbsp; 2007 & nbsp; China successfully tested its own anti-satellite weapons: the FY-1C meteorological satellite of the Fengyun series, located in a polar orbit with an altitude of 865 & nbsp; km, was hit by a direct hit from an anti-satellite missile. The rocket was launched from a mobile launcher at the & nbsp; Sichan & nbsp; launch site and intercepted a satellite on a collision course. As a result of the destruction of the satellite, a cloud of debris was formed: ground tracking systems registered at least 2317 fragments of & nbsp; space debris.
February 21 & nbsp; 2008 from the American cruiser Lake Erie In the Pacific Ocean, a missile & nbsp; SM-3 & nbsp; missile defense system Aegis was launched, which hit the American satellite & nbsp; USA-193 located at an altitude of 247 kilometers. In response to reproaches from representatives of other countries, Washington said that they shot down a satellite more safely than the Chinese, so their operation does not harm peaceful space.
On March 26, 2019, India shot down a satellite in orbit. Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi on this occasion, he made a special address to the nation, congratulating the people on the acquisition of their own anti-satellite weapons.
“ India has become one of the space superpowers after countries such as the United States, Russia and China. Our anti-satellite weapon successfully shot down the vehicle in low-earth orbit, & mdash; stated the head of government. & mdash; Only three countries in the world have previously had this opportunity: the United States, Russia and China. Now India has joined them. This is a moment of pride for us. ''
Of course, it's unpleasant that people shoot in space. But when your calls for peace are not heard, there is nothing left but to have your own weighty and “ jewelery '' arguments. And, if someone who does not want to sign a treaty on preventing the militarization of outer space, after such tests falls into hysteria, then Russia is on the right track.
It is surprising that the tests were not presented as yet another manifestation of “ aggression against Ukraine '', because the downed satellite was produced in the Ukrainian SSR.