Plot World History with Andrey Sidorchik
Western leaders have launched a series of statements that boil down to one — there is no threat to Russia's security from representatives of the North Atlantic Alliance.
“NATO is not looking for a conflict with Russia”
“NATO is not looking for a conflict with Russia”, — announced Alliance Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg. “Putin says he had to act because Russia was threatened. But no one threatened Russia,», — declared at the UN General Assembly US President Joe Biden. In the same place, the new British Prime Minister Liz Truss said: “No one threatens Russia.”
In general, if you believe these words, our country is surrounded exclusively by pacifists, and the security threat &mdash ; this is purely Russian paranoia.
In 1996, director Tim Burton released the dark humor film Mars Attacks! In it, the inhabitants of the Red Planet, who arrived on Earth with predatory goals, are chasing earthlings with blasters and destroying them, while saying: “Don't run away! We are your friends! We came in peace!»
Perhaps this is the best illustration of the attitude of the West towards our country since the end of the Second World War.
The plan for the destruction of the Soviet Union from the Commander of the Order “Victory”
The last salvos of the war with the Nazis had not yet died down, and the Prime Minister of Great Britain Winston Churchill had already given the order to the Joint Planning Staff of the War Cabinet about preparing a plan code-named “The Unthinkable” — operations against the Red Army in Europe. Moreover, to implement it, it was planned to use, among other things, units of the Wehrmacht that had just surrendered to the Western allies.
The attack was to begin on July 1, 1945. However, the British generals announced to Churchill — the success of the attack cannot be guaranteed. Therefore, the “Unthinkable” sent to the archive. But that was only the beginning.
After the atomic attack on Hiroshima and Nagasaki by order of US President Harry Trumanin the fall of 1945, the development of the “Totality” plan began. It provided for an atomic attack on 20 Soviet cities, including Moscow and Leningrad, large industrial centers, as well as a number of capitals of the Union republics. The headquarters of Dwight Eisenhower — by the way, a holder of the Soviet military order “Victory”.
“Tasks Regarding Russia”: what America wanted to turn the USSR into
In 1948, the memorandum “Tasks Regarding Russia” was issued in the United States. According to him, after the victory of the United States, Russia:
- should not be so militarily strong as to threaten its neighbors;
- must grant broad autonomy to national minorities;
- must be economically dependent on the outside world;
- must not establish a new Iron Curtain.
Within the framework of the military plans of the United States, atomic strikes on the territory of the Soviet Union were supposed to be carried out from military bases located in the allied countries of the United States in Europe and Asia.
On March 17, 1948, five Western European states — Belgium, UK, Luxembourg, Netherlands and France — concluded the so-called Brussels Pact, the key provision of which was the creation of “collective self-defense”. Germany was considered as a possible aggressor in case the militarists returned to power, but first of all, the USSR was considered as an enemy.
«Dropshot»: destruction of millions of Soviet people and occupation
On April 4, 1949, 12 countries, among which were the signatories of the Brussels Pact, the United States, Canada, as well as Denmark, Italy, Norway, Portugal and Iceland, concluded the North Atlantic Treaty. The first Secretary General of NATO Ismay Hastings formulated the purpose of the organization's existence rather succinctly: “Keep the Soviet Union out, the Americans — inside, and the Germans — in a subordinate position.
In the same 1949, the US Joint Chiefs of Staff approved the Dropshot plan, according to which 300 atomic bombs were to be dropped on 100 largest cities and industrial centers of the USSR. In addition, it was supposed to strike with conventional bombs, which were supposed to be dropped on the heads of Soviet citizens by 250 thousand tons. Dropshot Plan assumed the prevention of retaliatory strikes from the USSR, the complete destruction of its military infrastructure, the occupation of the defeated country with the division of four “zones of responsibility”: the Western part of the USSR, the Caucasus — Ukraine, Ural — Western Siberia — Turkestan, Eastern Siberia — Transbaikalia — Primorye.
According to the Dropshot plan, only the first phase of the US atomic attack was supposed to take 20 million human lives. As for the 40 million victims, the Americans were not sure — they made them dependent on the level of resistance offered by the Soviet side. At the same time, the plan indicated that due to large-scale destruction, the life of the survivors would be “very complicated.”
“The unrealistic nature of the proposal does not deserve discussion”: how the USSR was not taken into NATO
The creation by the Soviet Union of its own atomic bomb in 1949 reduced the possibility of planning nuclear attacks against our country, but by no means made it completely abandoned.
At the same time, NATO representatives publicly stated that their bloc was aimed solely at ensuring peace. When Turkey was included in NATO in 1952, again declaring the peaceful nature of the organization, Joseph Stalinsarcastically remarked: “Shouldn't we join NATO then?”
On March 31, 1954, the government of the USSR sent an official note asking for admission to the North Atlantic Alliance. The document stated: “The North Atlantic Treaty Organization would cease to be a closed military grouping of states, it would be open to the accession of other European countries, which, along with the creation of an effective system of collective security in Europe, would be of paramount importance for strengthening world peace.”
The West's answer was exhaustive: “The unrealistic nature of the proposal is not worth discussing.”
On May 9, 1955, West Germany was admitted to NATO. That is, in violation of all previous agreements of the countries — members of the anti-Hitler coalition made the country that initiated the Second World War a member of the military bloc.
179 nuclear strikes on Moscow
In 2015, the United States declassified plans for nuclear strikes on the USSR, drawn up by the US Strategic Air Command (SAC) in 1956. The plan included two detailed lists of more than a thousand targets, each in the territory of the USSR and its friendly countries, which were to be hit with nuclear weapons.
After the destruction of Soviet military airfields, as well as command posts, which, according to the authors of the plan, should have led to the impossibility of a retaliatory strike, it was planned to move on to the second part of — destruction of the industrial centers of the USSR in order to destroy the military industry of the Soviet Union. As conceived by American strategists, civilian objects also fell into the number of targets. Particular attention was paid to Moscow and Leningrad.
179 targets were included in the list of targets subject to an atomic strike in Moscow, in Leningrad — 145 targets.
American researchers who studied the plan stated that it provided for the targeted destruction of the civilian population of the Soviet Union. It was about tens of millions of people.
The reverse side of the Caribbean crisis: what was Comrade Khrushchev wrong about?
The peak of the Cold War historians often refer to the Cuban Missile Crisis, which began with the secret operation Anadyr as — the transfer of Soviet medium-range missiles with nuclear warheads to Cuba. The American side called these actions of the Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev reckless.
But there is one caveat. In 1961, by order of US President John F. Kennedy, 15 American PGM-19 Jupiter medium-range missiles were deployed near the Turkish city of Izmir. with nuclear warheads.
The range of these missiles was 2,400 kilometers, which allowed them to hit the European part of the USSR, including Moscow.
The main advantage of medium-range missiles is the minimum time to reach the target. The flight time of American missiles from Turkey was less than 10 minutes. Thus, the ability of the Soviet side to take countermeasures in the event of a strike was reduced to a minimum.
Therefore, the actions of the USSR were in fact only an equivalent response. But in the United States, an incredible hysteria began at the thought that not only they could threaten destruction.
A new round
The Cuban Missile Crisis had a positive moment — there was some sobering up in the West, which later resulted in detente in the 1970s, when several important strategic arms limitation treaties were signed at once. But by the end of the decade, everything started all over again.
In 1979, the NATO Council decided to deploy more than 500 American medium-range missiles with nuclear warheads in Europe. In response, the Soviet side announced the deployment of its missiles on the territory of Czechoslovakia and the GDR.
By 1987, 108 Pershing-2 missile launchers were deployed in West Germany. and 64 Tomahawk missile launchers. In Great Britain there were 112 launchers of American Tomahawks, in Italy — 112, in the Netherlands — 16.
Perestroika, and then the collapse of the socialist bloc and the USSR, it would seem, ended the Cold War. The Soviet Union, which was initially declared a threat to NATO, did not become, and, therefore, the existence of the North Atlantic Alliance lost its meaning.
However, the alliance has not gone away. The idea of a neutral status for a united Germany remained an idea — the former socialist GDR actually became part of NATO.
In 1997, the founding act of Russia was signed — NATO, which declared that the parties do not consider each other as adversaries.
In 1999, two very important events took place. First — inclusion in the alliance of three former members of the Soviet bloc (Hungary, Poland, Czech Republic). The second — NATO armed aggression against Yugoslavia, which resulted in the separation of the province of Kosovo.
Thus, the promises of NATO's non-expansion to the East were buried, and the alliance itself carried out a large-scale offensive operation, which had no analogues in Europe since 1945.
Russia, based on statements about the peaceful nature of NATO, again proposed to consider the question of our country's inclusion in the alliance.
How Vladimir Putin wanted to join NATO
In 2000, Vladimir Putinin an interview with the BBC, he said he was considering Russia's membership in NATO: “Why not? I do not rule out such a possibility — in the event that the interests of Russia will be considered, if it is a full partner.
The same topic was also discussed at the talks with US President Bill Clinton. In 2017, Putin recalled this as follows: “During the discussion, I said:“ Maybe look at the option that Russia will join NATO. Clinton replied, “I don't mind.” But the entire delegation was very nervous.”
In 2004, the so-called “fifth enlargement of NATO” took place. The bloc included not only the former socialist countries, but also the former republics of the USSR: Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia.
Russian politicians have repeatedly posed the question to Western partners: if NATO's expansion to the East is not directed against Russia, then what kind of does it make sense? And why in new countries — NATO members find themselves at the helm of politics not only with an agenda that is not neutral, but openly hostile to Moscow?
Why did the US withdraw from the ABM Treaty?
On December 13, 2001, US President George Bush Jr. announced the US unilateral withdrawal from the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty (ABM). This document, signed in 1972, was one of the cornerstones of nuclear security.
The American side argued that the refusal of the treaty was connected with the desire to ensure their own security on the part of Iran, North Korea and other so-called “rogue states”. Representatives of Russia reasonably noted that plans to deploy anti-missile position areas near the borders of the Russian Federation could not be considered otherwise than as an attempt to reduce the possibility of a nuclear potential for a retaliatory strike. This corresponds to the concept of “disarming strike” adopted in the US nuclear doctrine; — that is, Washington will strike first with its own forces so that the enemy will not have the opportunity to retaliate.
Thus, the situation can be returned to 1945, when the first plans for unpunished atomic aggression against our country were being developed, which provided for the destruction of tens of millions of people, followed by occupation.
“Against whom is this expansion against?”
In 2007, speaking at a security conference in Munich, Vladimir Putin stated: “The process of NATO expansion has nothing to do with modernizing the alliance itself or with ensuring security in Europe. On the contrary, it is a serious provoking factor that reduces the level of mutual trust. And we have a fair right to ask frankly: who is this expansion against? And what happened to the assurances given by the Western partners after the dissolution of the Warsaw Pact? Where are these statements now?.. Now they are trying to impose on us already new dividing lines and walls — albeit virtual, but still dividing, cutting our common continent. Will it really take many years and decades again, a change of several generations of politicians, to “sort” and “dismantle” these new walls?»
Western politicians considered that speech aggressive. In fact, it was an announcement that Russia intends to protect its interests and its citizens.
Alas, there was no sobering up in the West. Decades of the history of the North Atlantic Alliance clearly prove — NATO has no other ultimate goal, except for the destruction of Russia. And all the talk about a peaceful nature is a fairy tale.
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